Dec. 8, 1929: Richard E. Byrd, who achieved fame by becoming the…

Dec. 8, 1929: Richard E. Byrd, who achieved fame by becoming the first to fly to the South Pole and back on Nov. 29, 1929. “It was during a six-month vigil at an advance weather base, where he saw no other living thing and with the radio his only link with the outside world, that he received the inspiration for the peace work into which he threw his energies,” Admiral Bird’s Times obituary reported in 1957. Photo: The New York Times